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Periodontology is field of dental medicine concerned with the tissues that support the teeth: gums, bones and ligaments between the tooth and the bone. Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, the first stage of periodontal disease, is a very common problem. If left untreated, it may develop into a more serious condition called periodontitis (inflammation or infection of the bone) - caused by bacteria, this can lead to the destruction of the bone and ligament that holds the tooth in the jaw in place, and if left untreated can lead to tooth mobility and eventual loss. Currently, these two diseases are a major cause of tooth loss in adults; their main cause is bacterial plaque, and tartar (or calculus), and some symptoms are:

  • bleeding: spontaneous or when brushing the gums

  • red gums

  • swelling of the gums

  • gums with pus

  • detached gums

  • stunted gums

  • teeth sensitive to the cold

  • bad breath and/or a bad taste in the mouth

  • loose teeth which tend to separate

  • The way to avoid these conditions is have cleaning or detartaring treatment every 6 months and ensure good daily oral hygiene.

  • Sometimes there is a need for minor surgery, carried out by a specialist, involving scaling, root planing and bacterial elimination, followed by a course of antibiotics.